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Salud : NUEVOS DATOS SOBRE MORTALIDAD INFANTIL EN VENEZUELA
on 2012/2/22 15:06:43 (8880 reads)

 

1. MORTALIDAD INFANTIL

Gran interés ha despertado en el público en general y los colegas, la situación de la mortalidad infantil (en menores de un año) en Venezuela. Con ese propósito elaboramos la Noticia Epidemiológica N· 34 (12 de febrero de 2012). La dificultad para obtener datos oficiales sobre las cifras de mortalidad neonatal y post-neonatal radica en que no han sido publicados los Anuarios de Mortalidad del MPPS correspondientes al año 2009 en adelante.

Para complementar la información que ofrecimos, referidas al período 1990-2006, hoy aportamos datos procesados por el Dr. Oswaldo Godoy, correspondientes a 2008. (Fuente: Anuario de Mortalidad, MPPS 2008, Caracas 2011).

La mortalidad neonatal del estado Aragua fue la quinta más alta del país en 2008 y superior 2,3 puntos por encima de la tasa nacional de 9,9 muertes por cada 1000 NVR.

Por otra parte, la información sobre la mortalidad infantil nacional en las 4 primeras semanas epidemiológicas de 2012, aporta datos preliminares sobre 340 fallecidos, de los 402 registros de muertes infantiles acumuladas desde el 1 de enero hasta el 28 de enero de 2012.

Las causas más frecuentes de mortalidad fueron: infecciones respiratorias, prematuridad, sepsis neonatal y enfermedad de membrana hialina (Fuente: Datos calculados a partir de los Boletines Epidemiológicos Semanales, MPPS, N· 1-4, 2012).

La mortalidad infantil registrada por Epidemiología, presenta un sub registro importante que en algunos años ha alcanzado 39 % al comparar las cifras corregidas con el Anuario de Mortalidad.

El número de muertes neonatales (de 0-27 días) acumuladas, fue de 263 (77,35%) y de 77 (22,64%) muertes postneonatales (de 28 días a 363 días) en los primeros 28 días de 2012.

De las muertes neonatales, la gran mayoría se produjo en el período neonatal precoz (de 0 a 6 días).

2. MORTALIDAD MATERNA

El número de muertes maternas acumuladas hasta el 28 de enero de 2012 es de 29, 2 más que en el período correspondiente al año 2011; un ascenso de 7,4 %. Los estados con mayor concentración de muertes maternas son Anzoátegui, Carabobo, Zulia, Monagas, Barinas y Vargas.

Si desea leer el documento completo, puedes obtenerlo del archivo PDF adjunto: & o consultar los Portales Electrónicos de la Red de Sociedades Científicas Médicas Venezolanas: www.rscmv.org.ve  o de AIPOP www.aipop.org

Contacto: aipop@aipop.org                                             



José Félix Oletta L, Ana C. Carvajal y Saúl O. Peña

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